Genetic Variability and Inter Relationship between Yield and Yield Components in Some Rice Genotypes


By A. E. Idris, , F. J. Justin, Y. M. I. Dagash, A. I. Abuali.


The study was conducted at the Sudan University of Science and Technology; College of Agricultural Studies, Shambat farm during the season 2009/10 to study genetic variability and correlation between yields, yield components in some rice genotypes. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Seven characters were measured including yield, yield components. Phenotypic ( 2 p h δ ) and genotypic ( 2 g δ ) variances, phenotypic (PCV) % and genotypic (GCV) %, coefficients of variation were estimated. Phenotypic and genotypic correlation between characters was determined. The results showed that there were highly significant differences (p≤0.01) between the most of the characters under study except for percentage of unfilled grains per panicle (%). The highest values of phenotypic and genotypic variance were recorded by yield kgha -1 Also grain yield was attained the highest values of phenotypic and genotypic coefficients of variation. Positive phenotypic and genotypic correlation coefficient was detected between grain yield and number of filled grains per panicle, harvest index, panicle length and number of grains per panicle. The present study revealed that there was highly genetic variability among the tested genotypes, indicating that it could be used for further improvement in rice breedin


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